Before the Child Status Protection Act (CSPA) was enacted in 2002, if a child reached his or her 21st birthday before immigrating to the US with their parents, they would loose their place in line. CSPA provides relief to children who “age-out” as a result of delays by the government in processing visa petitions. This ruling allows children to “seek to acquire” a visa within one year after a visa becomes available.
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There is a two-step process for these children:
- Calculate the child’s CSPA age on the date that their priority date becomes current. This is done by subtracting the amount of time that the visa petition was pending with the government. In certain cases, an additional 45 or 90 days may be subtracted from the child’s age.
- If the CSPA age is below 21, the child must seek to acquire a green card within one year of when the priority date became current. This rule is more complex in cases where the priority date becomes current only to retrogress within one year.
In many of these cases, a child’s age is calculated to be under 21 but they are still denied a green card because the child did not seek to acquire a visa withing the one year time limit. The USCIS and Department of State (DOS) describe successfully seeking to acquire by completing one of the following forms:
- Adjustment of status (Form I-485);
- Application for an immigrant visa (Form DS-230); or
- Form I-824 on behalf of the child
In 2012, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), in Matter of Vazquez, found that the “sought to acquire” requirement may be satisfied “by filing an application for adjustment of status or by showing that there are other extraordinary circumstances in the case, particularly those where the failure to timely file was due to circumstances beyond the alien’s control.”
Hiring an attorney or taking other substantial steps within that one year timeline satisfies the requirement in the eyes of the government. Therefore, it is beneficial to consult an experienced immigration attorney before filing an application.
CSPA “Sought to Acquire” Resources
- Matter of Vasquez (BIA 2012)
- CSPA Videos
- 7th Circuit Remands Sought to Acquire Case to BIA (7-23-14)
- USCIS Policy Memorandum: Guidance on Evaluating Claims of “Extraordinary Circumstances” for Late Filings (4/15/15)
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