If you were born outside of the U.S., did you acquire US citizenship through parents or grandparents?
If you were born abroad to U.S. citizen parents, you probably are a U.S. citizen. However, you need to get some paperwork to prove this.
What if you were born abroad and only one of your parents was a U.S. citizen at the time? That’s a little trickier. How do you determine if you “acquired” U.S. citizenship at birth through a parent, or if you “derived” citizenship as a minor through your parent(s)?
We simplify the complex laws regarding acquisition and derivation of US citizenship through
parents and grandparents so that they are understandable to non-lawyers.
There are 4 Nationality Charts that attorneys use to assist them in such cases. These charts are difficult to find on the USCIS website so we replicate them here so that you can use them to begin your research.
Derivative citizenship laws are one of the most complex areas of immigration law, and Congress has amended these laws multiple times. Fortunately, Attorney Shusterman spent several years as an INS Citizenship Attorney in the 1970s adjudicating N-600 derivative citizenship applications. This experience proved invaluable. Since he entered private practice in 1982, he has helped hundreds of clients obtain U.S. citizenship through their parents and grandparents.
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Legal Guru in All Things Immigration
“Mr. Shusterman and his law firm have represented my family and me very successfully. He is not only a legal guru in all things immigration but even more so he is an exceptional human being because he empathizes with his clients and cares that justice is done.”
- Maria Davari Knapp, Chicago, Illinois
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Some of these clients were in deportation proceedings, and would have been deported if Attorney Shusterman not been able to prove that they were U.S. citizens even though they were born abroad.
There are multiple strategies for proving that you are a U.S. citizen even though you were not born in the U.S. You may want to apply for a U.S. passport, or alternately, you can apply for a Certificate of Citizenship from the USCIS using form N-600.
US Citizenship Through Parents or Grandparents contains the following topics:
- General Information
- Nationality Charts
- Success Stories
- Child Citizenship
- US Citizenship Through Parents Video
- Doctrine of Constructive Retention
- Citizenship Through Parents: Additional Resources
GENERAL INFORMATION – US CITIZENSHIP THROUGH PARENTS
- Obtaining Citizenship Through Parents: A Step-by-Step Guide
- USCIS Issues Policy Guidance on “Residence” Requirements for Acquiring Citizenship (8-28-19)
- USCIS Policy Manual, Chapter 2: Definition of Child for Citizenship and Naturalization (USCIS) (Updated 10-28-14)
- USCIS Expands the Definition of “Mother” and “Parent” to Include Gestational Mothers Using Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) (USCIS) (10-28-14)
- USCIS Policy Alert: Effect of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) on Immigration and Acquisition of
Citizenship Under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) (USCIS) (10-28-14)
- Policy Guidance: Changes to Dates of Birth and Names on Certificates of Citizenship (USCIS) (6-17-14)
- Effect of Grandparent’s Death on Naturalization under INA Section 322 (USCIS) (4-17-03)
- Eligibility of Children Born out of Wedlock for Derivative Citizenship (USCIS) (9-26-03)
- Nationality Chart #1 (USCIS) – Acquisition of U.S. Citizenship of Children Born Abroad in Wedlock
- Nationality Chart #2 (USCIS) – Acquisition of U.S. Citizenship of Children Born Abroad Out of Wedlock
- Nationality Chart #3 (USCIS) – Derivative Citizenship of Children
- Nationality Chart #4 (USCIS) – Section 322 Natural or Adoptive Child of a U.S. Citizen
SUCCESS STORIES – US CITIZENSHIP THROUGH PARENTS
- Obtaining Citizenship Through Parents, Grandparents & Great-Grandparents (Part I)
- Obtaining Citizenship Through Parents, Grandparents & Great-Grandparents (Part II)
- U.S. Citizenship Based on Your Ancestors
- US Citizenship: Laws and Policies (State Department)
- The Child Citizenship Act of 2000 (USCIS)
- The Child Citizenship Act of 2000 (State Department)
- Automatic Acquisition of Citizenship After Birth – Section 320 (USCIS Policy Manual)
- Child Residing Outside the U.S. – Section 322 (USCIS Policy Manual)
- Nguyen vs. INS Supreme Court Upholds Gender-Based Distinctions In Derivative Citizenship Law (6-11-01)
CITIZENSHIP THROUGH PARENTS VIDEO
- How to Obtain Citizenship Through Your Parents and Grandparents
This video explains how to obtain U.S. citizenship through your U.S. citizen parents or grandparents. You may have “acquired” U.S. citizenship at birth or “derived” U.S. citizenship as a minor.
Doctrine of Constructive Retention
Citizenship Through Parents: Additional Resources
Over 100 Years of Immigration Experience Working for You
What Can We Help You With - Videos
Family Preference Categories: An Introduction
Green Cards through Marriage
Benefits of Section 245(i) Adjustment of Status
Carl Shusterman served as an INS Trial Attorney (1976-82) before opening a firm specializing exclusively in US immigration law. He is a Certified Specialist in Immigration Law who has testified as an expert witness before the US Senate Immigration Subcommittee. Carl was featured in the February 2018 edition of SuperLawyers Magazine.
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