Temporary Protected Status – TPS

Temporary Protected Status (TPS) is a form of humanitarian relief which applies to certain nationals of particular countries who were present in the US during a designated period of time.

For example, if there is war or an environmental disaster occurring in your country, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) may decide to grant certain nationals of your country TPS in the US. On this page, we explain how to get a work card and a travel permit under TPS.


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Persons granted TPS cannot be deported from the US, are eligible to apply for an EAD work permit and may be granted an Advance Parole travel permit.

In 2017 and 2018, the DHS announced the end of TPS for a number of countries. However, on March 1, 2019, in order to comply with an injunction granted by a Federal Court, the USCIS announced that beneficiaries under the Temporary Protected Status (TPS) designations for Sudan, Nicaragua, Haiti, and El Salvador will retain their TPS while the preliminary injunction remains in effect, provided that an individual’s TPS is not withdrawn under Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) section 244(c)(3) or 8 CFR 244.14 because of ineligibility.

USCIS also announced that EAD work permits granted to these TPS individuals would be automatically extended to January 2, 2020.

Use form I-821 to apply for TPS, form I-765 to apply for a work permit and form I-131 to apply for a travel permit.

Although TPS is a temporary benefit which does not automatically lead to a green card, if you are eligible, you are not prohibited from applying for permanent residence, temporary visa status or any other immigration status.

Government TPS Resources by Country

Temporary Protected Status: Additional Resources

Practice Advisories Regarding Temporary Protected Status

Temporary Protected Status: AAO Decisions

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