For many foreign born individuals seeking to obtain residence in the U.S., marriage to a United States citizen or green card holder may open up the doors to this process. The regulations may vary depending on the country the individual is from. In this case, we are going to discuss the procedures required for marrying an individual from the United Kingdom.
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MARRIAGE AND IMMIGRATION STATUS
If you and your significant other have not tied the knot quite yet, you have the option of petitioning for him or her to be able to leave the United Kingdom and enter the U.S. as your fiancé so that you may have your ceremony in the U.S. You may also choose to get married in your fiancé’s country of origin. In both cases, your fiancé may then apply for a green card once you are married. This petitioning is only possible however if you are a United States citizen, not if you are a green card holder yourself. In order to do this, you must prove:
- The legal status of the petitioner (either citizen or lawful permanent resident)
- A legal marriage ceremony will occur in the future, or has already occurred
- The marriage is not a fraud (a deceptive attempt to obtain a green card)
- The foreign individual is not deemed “inadmissible” by the government
The fiancé visa is referred to as the K-1 visa. It lasts for a 90 day period for the purposes of holding the wedding ceremony. The fiancé will have to apply for this visa after his or her significant other files a visa petition with the I-129F form and submits it to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) before leaving United Kingdom.
FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM TO THE U.S.
The process differs slightly for a couple who has already been married and is now applying for a green card for the foreign born individual. This requires filing an I-130 form with the USCIS. Individuals applying through a spouse who is a U.S. citizen may often proceed to the next part of the application process. Individuals applying through a spouse who is a lawful permanent resident however may have to wait for up to two years to enter into this next stage of processing. The next stage involves the foreign spouse submitting forms and holding an interview at a U.S consulate in United Kingdom (typically London), otherwise known as consular processing. The U.S. has various consulates in the United Kingdom, however only the consulate in London handles both immigrant and nonimmigrant visa applications. It is important to file the correct forms at the consulate so that they can properly process your request and you can avoid legal trouble upon entry into the U.S.
VALIDATING THE MARRIAGE
Once you are married, you will need a legal marriage certificate that validates the ceremony in the country and/or state where it took place. The forms will differ depending on where you get married.
If you are planning on holding your ceremony in the U.K., there are certain requirements that each individual must meet first depending on the country:
- Both parties must be at least 16 by the wedding date if in England or Ireland (not Scotland); parties must have written parental consent if under 18
- If in England, you must reside in England for at least 8 days before giving your notice of marriage
- The U.S. citizen must provide a certificate showing they are legally able to marry
- Both parties must understand the institution of marriage and be able to provide legal consent to marry
- Both parties may not be related by birth, marriage, or adoption
After these qualifications are met, you will have two options for ceremonies: religious and civil. Additionally, you may be asked to prepare these documents:
- A copy of you U.S. passport
- A notice of marriage that has been prepared at least 15 days prior to the ceremony by a minister or registrar
- Copies of both parties’ birth certificates
- Proof that prior marriages have ended if applicable (divorce papers, death certificate, etc.)
- Any applicable fees
In the United States the laws will vary depending on which state you decide to hold your nuptials. It is important to view the marriage laws in your state so that you may be fully equipped to perform your ceremony, whether in the United Kingdom or the United States.
HELPFUL INFORMATION: PROCEDURES IN UNITED KINGDOM AND THE U.S.
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Carl Shusterman served as an INS Trial Attorney (1976-82) before opening a firm specializing exclusively in US immigration law. He is a Certified Specialist in Immigration Law who has testified as an expert witness before the US Senate Immigration Subcommittee. Carl was featured in the February 2018 edition of SuperLawyers Magazine.