Most immigrant visas to the U.S. are numerically limited both by preference category and by country of chargeability (which is, in most cases, one’s country of birth). Most immigrants are sponsored either by U.S. citizen or permanent resident relatives or, alternately, through their employment or investment in the United States. Scroll down this page to see the current State Department Visa Bulletin, showing backlogs in both the family and the employment-based categories.
If you are unfamiliar with the Visa Bulletin, read our explanation of the Employment Categories and the Family Categories. You should also note that the visa bulletin is backward-looking, meaning that it indicates how long people in a given category have been waiting for visas, not the waiting times for those currently applying.
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The employment-based (EB) categories in the visa bulletin are as follows:
- EB-1 Priority Workers
- EB-2 Advanced Degree Professionals
- EB-3 Professionals & Other Workers
- EB-4 Religious Workers & Others
- EB-5 Investors
An applicant’s priority date is the day that the government received the employer’s PERM application. However, if a PERM application is not required, the priority date is the date the government received an EB visa petition (I-140, I-526). Watch our EB videos to see various methods of shortening your waiting time for a green card.
VISA BULLETIN – EMPLOYMENT
A. APPLICATION FINAL ACTION DATES FOR EMPLOYMENT-BASED PREFERENCE CASES– These dates are consistent with prior visa bulletin priority dates.
|World||China||El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras||India||Mexico||Philippines|
|1st||Current||01 JAN 12||Current||01 JAN 12||Current||Current|
|2nd||01 APR 15||22 APR 13||01 APR 15||22 JUL 08||01 APR 15||01 APR 15|
|3rd||Current||01 JAN 12||Current||15 JUL 06||Current||01 JUN 15|
|Unskilled||Current||01 JAN 04||Current||15 JUL 06||Current||01 JUN 15|
|4th||Current||Current||15 SEP 15||15 SEP 15||15 SEP 15||Current|
|5th||Current||15 JUN 14||Current||Current||Current||Current|
B. DATES FOR FILING OF EMPLOYMENT-BASED VISA APPLICATIONS– These dates indicate when immigrant applicants can send adjustment of status applications without having to wait for their priority dates to become current.
|2nd||Current||01 OCT 13||01 FEB 09||Current||Current|
|3rd||Current||01 SEP 15||01 JAN 07||Current||01 JAN 16|
|Unskilled||Current||01 JUN 08||01 JAN 07||Current||01 JAN 16|
|5th||Current||01 SEP 14||Current||Current||Current|
The family-based categories in the visa bulletin are as follows:
- F-1 Unmarried Adult Sons & Daughters of US Citizens
- F-2A Spouses & Children of LPRs
- F-2B Unmarried Adult Sons & Daughters of LPRs
- F-3 Married Sons & Daughters of US citizens
- F-4 Brothers & Sisters of US Citizens
An applicant’s priority date is the day that the government received the I-130 Petition. For more on family-based visas and how you can shorten your application time, see Attorney Shusterman’s video near the top of this page.
VISA BULLETIN – FAMILY
A. APPLICATION FINAL ACTION DATES FOR FAMILY-SPONSORED PREFERENCE CASES– These dates are consistent with prior visa bulletin priority dates.
|1st||22 DEC 10||22 DEC 10||22 DEC 10||01 FEB 96||15 OCT 06|
|2A||22 SEP 15||22 SEP 15||22 SEP 15||01 SEP 15||22 SEP 15|
|2B||01 NOV 10||01 NOV 10||01 NOV 10||01 JUL 96||08 DEC 06|
|3rd||08 JUL 05||08 JUL 05||08 JUL 05||08 APR 95||22 JAN 94|
|4th||08 MAY 04||08 MAY 04||22 SEP 03||15 SEP 97||08 APR 94|
B. DATES FOR FILING FAMILY-SPONSORED VISA APPLICATIONS– These dates indicate when immigrant applicants can send adjustment of status applications without having to wait for their priority dates to become current.
|1st||22 JUL 11||22 JUL 11||22 JUL 11||01 APR 96||08 SEP 07|
|2A||08 APR 16||08 APR 16||08 APR 16||08 APR 16||08 APR 16|
|2B||01 SEP 11||01 SEP 11||01 SEP 11||08 AUG 96||22 JUL 07|
|3rd||01 DEC 05||01 DEC 05||01 DEC 05||01 MAY 95||01 FEB 95|
|4th||15 NOV 04||15 NOV 04||22 JUN 04||08 JAN 98||08 FEB 95|
Persons born in countries other than India, China, Mexico and the Philippines should look in the “Worldwide” current on the left side of the Visa Bulletin to determine their “priority date”. A priority date is established by the submission of a relative visa petition in the family categories, and by either the submission of an application for alien labor certification or by the submission of an employment-based visa petition in the employment categories.
The word “Current” indicates that no backlog presently exists in a particular category. Alternately, the word “Unavailable” indicates that it is not possible to apply for permanent residence in that category.
The dates in the Visa Bulletin can be misleading. Some dates, particularly in the Employment Based Categories, are “current” now, but may backlog before you can say “I-485”. Others, particularly in the Family Based Categories, look closer on the Bulletin than they are in reality.
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